Gum Disease Information
Gum disease is one of the most common issues seen by Dr. Derrico here at College Square Dental. In fact, gum disease is one of the main reasons for tooth loss in adults, largely because gum disease’s symptoms go unnoticed until it is too late. However, with proper brushing, effective flossing, and regular professional cleanings at our Lisle dental office, you can avoid gum disease all together.
What is gum disease?
Gum disease is an infection of the gums and the supporting structure of the teeth. It occurs when the tissues surrounding the teeth become irritated and infected by the plaque bacteria left behind on the teeth and under the gums. The irritated tissue creates pockets, which separates the gums from the teeth.
There are two stages of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease when the infection in the gum tissue can be reversed, usually by proper brushing, flossing, and thorough daily home care. The symptoms of gingivitis include gums that are red, swollen, and bleed when brushed or flossed.
Periodontitis is the more advanced stage of gum disease. Because of its severity, the damage done by periodontitis, like bone loss, cannot be reversed.
What causes gum disease?
While gum disease can be caused by certain medical conditions and medicines, the most common reasons for the development of gum disease include:
- Poor home care
- Not brushing and flossing daily
- Missing dental appointments for professional cleanings
- Smoking and tobacco use
- Malocclusion and crowding of teeth
- Poor-fitting restorations
How do you treat gum disease?
Dr. Derrico offers several ways to treat gum disease at our Lisle, IL office, from localized deep cleaning and antibiotics to surgery and laser treatment. We work with each patient individually and present conservative yet comprehensive treatment options. Our hygienists are very skilled and stay current in the latest treatment options by continuing their education annually.
Ideally, we like our patients to prevent gum disease from occurring in the first place, which is why we put so much emphasis on good home hygiene and regular professional cleanings. If it’s been a while since your last visit to College Square Dental, give our Lisle dental office a call and schedule an appointment. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure!